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Understanding the General Stages of Alzheimer’s and Dementia


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By Shawn Turcotte

Owner of Home Instead Senior Care Edmonton, CPCA

Senior embracing CAREGiver

Being diagnosed with any illness is upsetting and scary, but learning that you or a loved one has Alzheimer’s, or another form of dementia, can be an overwhelming blow to the family. The patient has to face years of losing their ability to reason and care for themselves. The family has to watch it all and feel helpless. The best line of defense you can have is to research the disease and reach out for support.  

Take control of what appears to be an uncontrollable situation when you educate yourself and enlist the help of an Alzheimer’s caregiver from Home Instead Senior Care. Our trained personal support workers (PSW) are ready to assist you and your family so that everyone can stop worrying and gain some peace of mind.

General Stages that Alzheimer’s and Dementia Patients Experience

The rate at which the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease worsen differs with each patient. In this article, we give you a general overview of how you or your senior’s abilities will change as the disease progresses. (Keep in mind that the stages may overlap.):

  1. Early Stage (Mild) Alzheimer’s Disease: You can expect your senior to still function quite independently. They may even drive, work, and engage in social activities. Often they may forget words and names, lose or misplace valuable objects, or struggle with planning or organizing.
  2. Middle Stage (Moderate) Alzheimer’s Disease: This is the longest of the stages and can last for many years. Paying bills may become a huge chore, but your loved one can still remember the essential details of their life. Other symptoms include:
    • Moodiness and withdrawing from people and challenging situations
    • Forgetting their address or phone number
    • Confusion concerning what day it is or where they are
    • Wandering or becoming lost
    • Personality or behavioral changes
  3. Late Stage (Severe) Alzheimer’s Disease: During this final stage, symptoms are severe as the patient loses the ability to respond and interact with their environment. Communicating is much more complicated, and they need extensive help daily. They may need 24-hour care, experience changes in their ability to walk, and might develop infections quickly.

Each patient is different and needs personalized support. We are here to help by encouraging your senior to do as much as possible on their own and maintain a routine to lessen outbursts. As a caregiver, you will benefit from our respite care services to give you a break and help you be a better daughter, son, or spouse.

Professional Caregivers Support Your Senior and the Family

Give you and your family the support you all deserve when you enlist the services of a compassionate caregiver from Home Instead Senior Care Edmonton. We support families during this season of change and challenges. We come alongside you to give Alzheimer’s and memory care to you or your loved one, as well as many other resources. Stay in your home for as long as possible with our help.

Call us at (780) 439-9990 to request an in-home consultation. Don’t let Alzheimer’s or dementia caregiving duties affect your quality of life or your loved one’s comfort. Our personal support workers and staff are here to provide compassionate, quality home care to seniors in the Edmonton area.

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